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Understand different professional for further testing and treatment

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Understand
the roles of people who work in health and social; care settings, to include:

Doctors: when people are unwell, the
first person they call with the medical profession will mainly be the general practitioner (GP). GPs
offer ongoing care for individuals in the environment. This includes:

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·        
Caring
for people who are sick, including delivery simple surgical procedures.

·        
Providing
preventative care and health
education for service users.

GPs
are mostly based in local health centre, working with other doctors and various
types of health and care professionals, for example, nurses, health visitors
and counsellors. GPs can refer people to hospital specialists (consultants) or
a different professional for further testing and treatment such as x-rays,
blood tests or to social workers for social care support.

The
main responsibilities of doctors in treating illnesses are to:

·        
Diagnose
an individual’s illnesses and ailments.

·        
Discuss
and agree an individual treatment plan.

·        
Prescribe
appropriate medication or treatment.

·        
Monitor
the impact of the agreed treatment.

The
preventative care and health education services offer include:

·        
Vaccination
programmes for people of all ages.

·        
Health
education and advice on issues, for example, smoking, alcohol consumption and
healthy eating.

Hospital
doctors offer specialist medical care. In the UK and Republic of Ireland, consultant is the name of a
senior, hospital based doctor who specialises in a particular field of medicine
and control difficult cases. To have this care, the consultant usually leads a
team of junior doctors/ this includes newly qualified and more experienced
doctors (registrars).  Consultants are mainly
known by the name of their specialist field, for example:

·        
Cardiologists
specialise in treating heart disease.

·        
Psychiatrists
specialise in treating mental health problems.

·        
Oncologists
specialise in treating cancer.

·        
Paediatricians
specialise in treating children.

·        
Geriatricians
specialise in treating older people. 

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