The Japanese-American internment camps created by the U.S government were one of the most unjust acts enacted by the United States.. This act was called the “Executive order 9066,” signed by President Roosevelt. It was horrendous to Japanese-Americans to be called an enemy in their own country. The executive order happened around the 1940s which caused over 120,000 Japanese-Americans to be evacuated into 10 internment camps. Two-thirds of Us citizens were Japanese-American. These citizens were evacuated 2 months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor because many American citizens believed that Japan was destined to be an enemy and threat to America. It was as if they were not seen as American citizens but as terrorists. The conflict of the Japanese-American Internment camps was the order of 9066 that removed Japanese-Americans in America, 70% were second generation born in America, that left a legacy of how their loyalty was with the United States. The order of 9066 happened because many citizens had the fear of Japanese-Americans causing harm to them which is ironic because many innocent Japanese-Americans were harmed.Franklin D. Roosevelt was under pressure by military and political advisors about the safety of the West Coast and the fear of Japanese-Americans attacking or sabotaging America after the Pearl Harbor (Japanese-American Relocation). ? Of U.S citizens were Japanese-Americans so there was a high chance of them causing more harm on the U.S since there was a surprise attack from Japan. There were a lot of paranoia built up due to the surprise attack which should’ve been expected because Japan was always rejected by America. Japan was isolated during WW! (Class work). Through the process of The Order of 9066, Japanese-Americans were brutally forced out of their own homes. In total over, 120,000 Japanese-Americans were sent to live in internment camps (Japanese-American Relocation). Over half of them were Nisei, which meant they were born in the U.S which meant they were U.S citizens. The second generation of Japanese-Americans were born in the u.S so they weren’t growing up learning that the U.S was an enemy. They grew up knowing the U.S was their home.During the course of the 9066, Japanese-Americans didn’t get a chance to go through trial on whether or not they were Japanese descent (Internment Camp Within an Internment Camp). Out of 120,000 Japanese-Americans, only 10 of them were convicted for spying/helping out the Japanese Government (Approves End to Internment of Japanese Americans). 120,000. That is 0.00008333333%. They were never given a chance to be citizens. The Order of 9066 caused Japanese-Americans to lose their freedom of speech. Their rights were violated. America didn’t do their part of what America should really be. Japanese-Americans were still loyal to America but were sent to the internment camps nonetheless. Takashi Hoshizaki stated, ” I would be more willing to serve in the army if we were able to be home, set free.”(Hoshizaki) this shows the loyalty of the Japanese-Americans as they are willing to join the US Military, but are being dissuaded by their treatment by the US Government. Japanese-Americans were willing to fight their “own kind” for America in order to show their loyalty and to risk their lives but weren’t ever given a chance to prove their loyalty. As they tried to prove their loyalty, they weren’t heard and were shut down in internment camps. The lost their voice that was a right. The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was organized after more than a year which was when Americans of Japanese descent were declared enemy aliens (Camps Resonates Strongly/442nd Regimental Combat Team). The 442nd unit fought not only the enemy but the prejudice that came upon them. Motto of the 442nd unite was “Go for Broke” which meant, death before defeat Many Japanese-Americans volunteered to be apart of the 442nd unit. George Takei remembered how Japanese-Americans were volunteering when the Government had a shortage of men. He said, ” It was outrageous to be called an enemy when you’re volunteering to fight for your country” Takei). Government realized there was a wartime manpower shortage. They rounded up the Japanese-Americans and opened up the military service for young Japanese-Americans. America really neglected Japanese-Americans when they were still 100% loyal even when it came to America turning their backs on them. The Irony of this is that, Japanese-Americans were fighting for the freedom of the French towns in Battalion when America were imprisoning Japanese-Americans in internment camps. Roosevelt’s order was a response both to public panic and there were jittery rumours of Japanese espionage and sabotage. Roosevelt had a long history of racial prejudice towards Japanese Americans. This had been due to exacerbated by the Japanese attack on China. He already had a bias opinion towards Japanese-American. FDR wrote two strongly opinionated articles of being Anti-Japanese (FDR’s Concentration Camps). Mid 1930’s he was concerned about the danger in Hawaii because of Japanese Americans since internment camps didn’t develop any where near Hawaii. He deep down had a negative feeling towards Japanese-Americans and saw them as an enemy even before the Internment camps (Hawaii). Greg Robinson saw that it was injustice. The order of 9066 was injustice through his eyes. Greg Robinson judges Roosevelt’s personal negative views about the Japanese but also because of the character of his presidential style (The Consequences of Terror). Roosevelt Resisted of ending the order when his colleagues realized that it was unconstitutional and unjustified. Roosevelt actions was seen as injustice and biased which wasn’t just an order through the fear of citizens but through his personal opinion. The Japanese internment camps were unjust due to Roosevelt’s order which was a response both to public panic and there were jittery rumours of Japanese-Americans destined as an enemy and sabotage, causing the Order of 9066 happening giving so much harm to innocent citizens, but Japanese-Americans were still loyal to America but were sent to the internment camps nonetheless through all the struggles that have been thrown at them. After internment camps that thankfully didn’t last forever, Japanese-Americans have lost a large amount of money because of all the land they lost possession of. The outcomes of the camps caused a lot of citizens to lose confidence in their rights that were stripped away from them injusticely. The young children around the time growing up learning about their horrible past they once never understood. The legacy of the 442nd Unit that proved their loyalty to the United states with the motto that will live on, “Go for Broke.” The Japanese showed America that no matter how much walls were thrown in front of them, their loyalty will always outweigh everything else even when they are called an enemy or even an alien when America turned their backs on their own people due to assumptions of how another ethnicity can be or their stereotypes. Bibliography History.com Staff. “Japanese-American Relocation.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/japanese-american-relocation.Mastropolo, Frank. “An Internment Camp Within an Internment Camp.” ABC News, ABC News Network, 19 Feb. 2008, abcnews.go.com/US/story?id=4310157&page=1.”U.S. Approves End to Internment of Japanese Americans.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-approves-end-to-internment-of-japanese-americans.Frail, Paul Kitagaki Jr.T.A. ” Camps Resonates Strongly .” Smithsonian.com, Smithsonian Institution, 1 Jan. 2017, www.smithsonianmag.com/history/injustice-japanese-americans-internment-camps-resonates-strongly-180961422/. “442nd Regimental Combat Team.” 442nd Regimental Combat Team | Densho Encyclopedia, encyclopedia.densho.org/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team/.McGath, Gary. “FDR’s Concentration Camps.” Newsweek, 11 May 2016, www.newsweek.com/fdrs-concentration-camps-were-warning-409742.”The Consequences of Terror.” The Economist, The Economist Newspaper, 22 Sept. 2001, www.economist.com/node/788126.studiesweekly. ” Takashi Hoshizaki.” YouTube, YouTube, 13 Apr. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfwM8uao3f8.TEDtalksDirector. “George Takei.” YouTube, YouTube, 4 July 2014, www.youtube.com/watch?v=LeBKBFAPwNc.
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